What are Terpenes?

For those who are unfamiliar with terpenes, you may be shocked to learn that they may be found all around you. Have you ever had the pleasure of smelling a flower’s delicate scent? Is lavender used as a relaxing or soothing ingredient in your home? Oranges on your counter give out a delicious, citrusy scent that you might enjoy. The plant’s potent terpenes are responsible for the odors. Their primary function is to protect the plant from pests and attract pollinators. Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory capabilities are just two of their many medicinal advantages.

The Cannabis plant is one of the richest and most powerful suppliers of terpenes.

The Cannabis plant has more than 100 distinct terpenes. Terpenes in the cannabis plant are responsible for varying the effects of different strains. Some terpenes have been shown to alleviate stress and anxiety. Others have been known to aid concentration.

The Function of Terpenes

terpenes caryophyllene

Terpenes aren’t psychoactive so they don’t produce a ‘high’ like THC, but some still contain sedative, anti-anxiety properties. The terpenes found in our product, CALM full-spectrum hemp oil, include the following:

Linalool

Lavender is the most prevalent source of linalool. Linalool, the primary terpene in lavender, is responsible for its rich, fruity perfume, as well as the relaxing effects it has on the body. In addition to serving as a tool for anxiety, a study in Colloids and Surfaces Biointerfaces found it’s also helpful as an:

Omicene

Omicene is a terpene that can be found in fruits and plants, but few people know about it. Actually, the scent of lavender may be found in many perfumes. It has a lovely, woodsy scent and is known to aid plants in their defense mechanisms.

Cannabis, mint, parsley, pepper, and orchids all contain omicene. It’s antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, and antiseptic in the medical sense. The decongestant properties are also well-known.

Geraniol

The rose-like scent of geraniol is well-known. Lemongrass, citronella, rose oil, lavender, and other fruits all contain this monoterpene. As well as being produced naturally in many plants, it is frequently used in the cosmetics industry.

Anti-cancer, antioxidant, and neuroprotective, according to the National Library of Medicine. Researchers believe it could be a promising chemoprotective drug due to its ability to sensitize tumor cells.

As the National Library of Medicine explains, geraniol has been demonstrated to be protective against a broad spectrum of malignancies including breast tumors and lung cancer as well as cancers of the:

  • Colon
  • Prostate
  • Pancreas
  • Skin
  • Kidney

Aside from the FDA and the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA), these pharmacological effects are therapeutically important as geraniol is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by these organizations.

Beta-Myrcene

Among its many functions, Beta-Myrcene is a potent antibacterial, antimutagenic anti-inflammation agent, and analgesic.  Among the most frequent terpenes in commercial cannabis, myrcene has a distinct earthy aroma. Lemongrass and thyme also contain myrcene. Myrcene has been used as a sleep aid for ages.

Scientists have discovered that myrcene lessens pain by increasing the amount of pain-killing molecules released to the brain and spine.

In order to prevent the consumption of cancer-causing compounds produced by fungi, antimutagenic properties are required. Myrcene inhibits the liver enzyme known as CYP2B1 and lowers DNA damage.

Caryophyllene

The terpenes caryophyllene, which gives black pepper its distinctive aroma, can also be found in Cannabis. To alleviate pain and inflammation, this terpene interacts with the CB2 receptor in the body. Anxiety and despair can be considerably reduced by caryophyllene, according to research findings.

The Entourage Effect and Terpenes

The entourage effect is the result of the interaction between terpenes and cannabinoids. Pain alleviation, anxiety reduction, and inflammation reduction are just a few of the benefits that cannabinoids and terpenes combined bring. As a result, it is imperative that you purchase only the finest, full-spectrum CBD tincture available on the market.

The term “full-spectrum” refers to a strain that contains all of the known cannabinoids and terpenes. The Cannabis plant has thousands of cannabinoids and terpenes, thus it is impossible to maintain all of them. However, none were intentionally omitted from the finished product during manufacture. As a result, it’s imperative that the CBD tincture you’re using is the most potent it can possibly be.

Sources:

Geraniol

β-Caryophyllene, a CB2 receptor agonist produces multiple behavioral changes relevant to anxiety and depression in mice

The cannabinoid CB₂ receptor-selective phytocannabinoid beta-caryophyllene exerts analgesic effects in mouse models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain

Protective effect of linalool, myrcene and eucalyptol against t-butyl hydroperoxide induced genotoxicity in bacteria and cultured human cells – ScienceDirect

Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice

Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals, Third Edition

Geraniol | C10H18O – PubChem

 

 

 

 

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